How To Become A Midwife Without A Nursing Degree?

How To Become A Midwife Without A Nursing Degree

Have you graduated with another degree but want to become a midwife now? Or you haven’t studied after high school and want to know whether you can become a midwife or not. No need to worry. Yes, you can, and we will tell you how.

You can become a midwife without a nursing degree in four different ways. These include CM, CPM, licensed nurse, and traditional nurse. Moreover, we will also share some practical tips to succeed in this field to help you have a good career without strong basics.

This blog post will help you become a midwife without prior nursing education. Before you finalize your decision, remember to take a look at its cons as well. Now let’s start with the details without waiting any further.

What is a Midwife?

A midwife is a nurse specializing in women’s reproductive health. They provide care and treatment for problems during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum. They focus on natural processes, offer personalized support, and minimize medical treatments. Midwives assist with prenatal education, monitor well-being, and also aid in labor and delivery.

They work in multiple settings, including hospitals, clinics, and homes. They promote a woman-centered approach to breastfeeding and postnatal care. It also includes family planning and gynecological services. This helps empower women and helps them throughout their childbirth journey.

Types of midwives

Primarily, there are three types of midwives. These three include:

  • With a nursing degree
  • Without a nursing degree
  • Without any degree

The proper way is to join this field with a nursing degree, but you can also join it with two other methods as well.

Becoming a Midwife Without a Degree?

The answer to this question is not so simple. It may vary depending on the country you are living in and the rules and regulations related to nursing there. But as far as the USA is concerned, yes, you can become a midwife without a degree.

To become a midwife without a degree, all you need is a high school diploma or any equivalent qualification. After that, you will need to go through apprenticeships and gain some experience, and you are all set to become a midwife.

Becoming a Midwife Without a Nursing Degree

You can become a midwife without a nursing degree in four different fields. Each field has a different procedure for becoming a midwife. Let’s take a look at these methods and find out which one is most suitable for you.

Certified Midwife (Cm)

The first and most common way to become a midwife without nursing is to become a certified midwife. It is the safest method and has a competitive salary. Moreover, you can work in different work settings through this method. There is only one limitation of this method, and that is its recognition by only a few states. These states include:

  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Maine
  • Rhode Island
  • Delaware

Steps to Become a CM

Here are the steps to follow to become a CM:

  • Enroll in MSN Midwifery with a Bachelor’s.
  • Pass the AMCB certification exam for licensure.
  • Meet continuing education for recertification after every 5 years.
  • CMs offer services from adolescence to menopause.

Certified Professional Midwife (CPM)

You can become a Certified Professional Midwife (CPM) with or without a degree. The good thing is that CPM is recognized in 31 states legally, but the bad news is that you are not allowed to work in hospitals. You can become a CPM by simply going through NARM’s (North American Registry of Midwives) evaluation process.

Registered/Licensed Midwife

The third one on our list is a registered or licensed midwife. You can become a midwife by this method with state-approved apprenticeships. Usually, they are 1.5 years long. Moreover, you need to have experience with prenatal, intrapartum, and early postpartum periods with at least 50 women for licensing.

Lay or traditional midwife

The last one is a lay or traditional midwife. You can become this type of midwife with or even without a degree. You can become one through self-study, practical experience, or apprenticeship. They are not eligible for licensing in most of the states.

Pros and Cons of Becoming a Midwife Without a Nursing Degree

Yes, you can become a midwife without a nursing degree, but since it is not the recommended method, it comes at a cost. Alongside some potential problems, there are some benefits as well. Let’s take a look at some of its prominent pros and cons.


These are some of the advantages of joining this field without a nursing degree:

  • Direct Focus on Midwifery
  • Alternative Education Pathways
  • Shorter Duration of Education:


These are some of the disadvantages of becoming a midwife without a nursing degree.

  • Limited Scope of Practice
  • Less job opportunities
  • Lack of versatility
  • Holistic Perspective
  • Challenges in Collaboration

Qualities You Need to Succeed as Midwives

You can still succeed as a midwife if you work hard, even if you don’t have a degree. Here are some practical tips from outside to help you succeed in this journey. Practising these will increase your chances of success even more.

  • Empathy and compassion
  • Effective communication skills
  • Cultural Competence
  • Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving
  • Attention to detail
  • Physical and emotional resilience
  • Teamwork and collaboration
  • Advocacy Skills
  • Continual Learning and Professional Development
  • Ethical Practice

Final Words

Yes, you can become a midwife without a nursing degree in four different positions. Each type has a different procedure to become a midwife. The most common method among these is by coming through approved apprenticeships. The most common one among them is a certified midwife.

You will definitely need to work harder in this field; otherwise, it will be difficult for you to compete with those with proper education. But you can do it by getting additional certification, experience, and the necessary skills.